Assets are any property owned by a person or business. Tangible assets include money, land, buildings, investments, inventory, cars, trucks, boats, or other valuables. Intangibles such as goodwill are also considered to be assets.
Capital Assets, also known as Fixed Assets, are those assets such as land, buildings, and equipment acquired to carry on the business of a company with a life exceeding one year.
In financial records these Fixed Assets are usually expressed as the cost of the asset minus depreciation.
Current Assets are items such as cash, inventory, and accounts receivable that are currently cash or expected to be turned into cash within one year.
Asset Turnover may be used as a broad measure of asset efficiency. It's calculated by dividing sales revenue by the total assets.