$18 billion dollars. Thats about how much angel investors provide in investment per year in Canada, according to Allan Riding, a leading Canadian expert on angel investing and professor at Carleton University, which is three times the investment rate of institutional venture capital. Yet angel investors typically reject three quarters of investment proposals sight unseen. How do you get an angel investor to invest in your business? What are angel investors looking for?
1. The potential for a solid return.
Angel investors invest with the expectation of doing more than just getting their money back. They expect a good return on their investment a return better than they can do on the stock market. For every dollar that an angel puts into a company, he or she would like to take seven dollars out, after taxes, in seven years," says Riding.
2. A good reason to invest.
Remember that most angel investors are or have been successful entrepreneurs. They enjoy the thrill of helping to build and create a thriving enterprise.
However, there are three categories of angel investors, the economic, the hedonistic and the altruistic*, and each type has their own reasons for investing. While a hedonistic angel investor is most attracted by the excitement of creating something new, an altruistic angel investor may be most concerned about helping his community or attracted by the potential of developing environmental technologies. Determine which category of angel investor youre trying to attract and tailor your pitch accordingly.
3. A solid management team.
A solid, complete management team with leadership ability is a must if you hope to attract angel investors. Essentially an angel investor is investing in people, so he or she needs to see the evidence that your business is in the hands of people who are knowledgeable, competent and trustworthy and possess the skills to lead your business to the next level. For most businesses, a complete management team will include skilled, knowledgeable people who know about marketing and selling products, manufacturing, managing people, and accounting.
4. A solid business plan.
Angel investors want to see a business plan thats both convincing and complete. They want to see that youve developed a vision for your company and that youve given thought to the details of how to get there. They want to see things such as financial projections, detailed marketing plans, and specifics about your market. (My Writing a Business Plan series of articles will lead you through the preparation of each step of the business plan.)
5. A business structured for investment.
While some angel investors invest by giving loans to a business, minority equity ownership position is the preferred choice for more than half of angel investors (Angels Touch!!! An Entrepreneurs Guide to Informal Investment, Industry Canada). This means that your business has to be structured to allow for investment (and that if you are the sole owner of your business, you have to be prepared to give up a certain amount of ownership if you want to attract angel investors). Most angel investors will expect a formal shareholders agreement which lays out the nature of their investment and the return.
6. The opportunity to be actively involved.
For many angel investors, its not just about the money; they want to actively participate in developing your business. They want to act as a mentor and sometimes even to take an active role in managing the company. This often translates into the angel investor having a seat on your Board of Directors.
7. A viable exit strategy.
Before he or she invests in your business, an angel investor will expect to see an exit strategy. While angel investors are patient and willing to make long-term investments, they need to see how theyre going to reap the return on their investment. The sale of shares to the companys principals is a common exit strategy for angel investors who hold equity ownership positions; the sale or merger of the company is a common exit strategy for debt-holding investors. Dont be surprised that your prospective angel investor wants a time-frame set.
In sum, if you want to get an angel investor to invest in your business, you have to ensure that your business is investor-ready. If you havent already done so, preparing a solid business plan, restructuring your business as necessary and completing your management team are the best ways to start preparing to attract an angel. Then youll be ready to tailor your investment pitch by incorporating the other things that angel investors are looking for that Ive outlined above. Then all you need to do is find an angel investor to approach. For tips on finding one, see How to Find an Angel Investor.
* The three categories of angel investors were first described by M. K. Sullivan and A. Miller in the Journal of Business Research, 1996.